Early intervention, focusing on social, cognitive & communication skills is the Key to meet Autism.
All children with autism can benefit from early intervention in an appropriate educational setting for at least two years can result in significant improvements, and some may gain enough skills to be able to attend mainstream school.
Even at ages as young as six months, diagnosis of ASD is possible.
The most effective interventions available today are
Applied behavioral analysis (ABA): ABA encourages positive behaviors and discourages negative behaviors. In addition, ABA teaches new skills and applies those skills to new situations
Occupational therapy: It focuses on improving sensory integration and sensorimotor issues. In older children, OT often focuses on improving social behavior and increasing independence. OT works to improve the individual’s quality of life and ability to participate fully in daily activities.
Speech therapy: To improve a person’s communication skills, allowing him to better express his needs or wants.Some individuals with ASD are nonverbal and unable to develop verbal communication skills, and the use of gestures, sign language, and picture communication programs are often useful tools to improve their abilities to communicate.
Physical therapy: It is used to improve gross motor skills and handle sensory integration issues, particularly those involving the individual’s ability to feel and be aware of his body in space. It improves the individual’s ability to participate in everyday activities. PT works to teach and improve skills such as walking, sitting, coordination, and balance.
Pharmacological therapy:Pharmaceutical treatments can help ameliorate some of the behavioral symptoms of ASD, including irritability, aggression, and self-injurious behavior.
Music therapy: May be rewarding for individuals with ASD, there is no strong scientific evidence for its efficacy in improving functioning.
Holding Therapy: Holding therapy is based on the erroneous notion that autism is a disorder of attachment caused by a parent’s failure to bond with their child. In a holding therapy session, a caregiver physically restrains a child with autism in order to force eye contact and repair attachment. This treatment has been deemed ineffective and dangerous. There is no scientific evidence suggesting that holding therapy works and fatalities have resulted from its use.
Therapeutic Horseback Riding: Horseback-riding therapy for individuals with ASD aims to foster motor, communication, and social skills, while improving responses to external stimuli.